Over the past few years, Boko Haram (means “Western” or “non-Islamic” education is a sin”) has killed tens of thousands and displaced 2.6 million from their homes Nigeria [Source].
In 2015, Boko Haram Ranked Ahead of ISIS for Deadliest Terror Group in the world.
Boko Haram is actually the nickname in the Hausa language for the group officially known in Arabic as “Jama’atuAhlisSunnaLidda’awatiWal-Jihad”—the People Committed to the Propagation of the Prophet’s Teachings and Jihad. Coined by northern Muslims and subsequently picked up by the press, the name Boko Haram translates loosely as “Western education is forbidden” and is derived from one of the chief tenets of the teachings of Muhammad Yusuf, the group’s early leader, who claimed that Western-style education (“Boko” in Hausa) and the holding of government jobs are religiously forbidden, or haram, under Islam.
Below is the most comprehensive history of Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria starting from the first attack in 2009
After years of tension and a series of minor incidents, things finally exploded in July 2009 when a prominent member of Boko Haram died, and a large number of them were on the way to bury him. They were stopped by the police who quizzed them about their lack of helmets as the new law dictated. An argument began, and in the process, shots got fired. People on both sides got injured and things went out of hand. Boko Haram attacked in Bauchi, Borno and Yobe states, killing several policemen. In Maiduguri, they took over town, and controlled it for three days, doing what they please until the army was called in to help. Eventually, the army regained control and arrested a lot of Boko Haram members, including Mohammed Yusuf.
On the 7th of September, Boko Haram carried out a jailbreak in Bauchi where 5 individuals were murdered and 721 inmates were freed from jail in Bauchi by presumed Boko Haram shooters.
On the 31st of December, a bomb attack outside a barracks killed 4 civilians.
On the 29th May, 15 individuals were murdered in Abuja and Bauchi after bombs detonate in a few towns in northern Nigeria.
On the 16th of June, the group executed another attack in Abuja police central station at least 2 people, the perpetrator and a traffic policeman, were killed in a failed bombing of the Abuja police headquarters. It was Nigeria’s first record of a suicide bombing.
August 26, Boko Haram attacked the Abuja compound of United Nations, 21 individuals were killed.
On the 4th of November, Boko Haram attackedYobe state capital, Damaturu and killing between 100 and 150 individuals.
December 22nd – 23rd, 68 people, of whom were 50 Boko Haram militants, no less than 7 soldiers, and 11 regular citizens were killed in a fight between Boko Haram militants and Nigerian soldiers in Maiduguri and Damaturu.
December 25th, 41 individuals were killed by Boko Haram bomb blasts and shootings in Christian places of worship.
In 2012 about 792 people were killed as a result of the Boko Haram insurgency
On the 5th of January, 37 Christians were killed by Boko Haram militants in northeastern Nigeria
On the 20th of January, 183 people (150 civilians and 32 police officers) were killed in Kano State by Boko Haram gunmen.
On the 8th of April, 38 people were killed following a bombing at a church in Kaduna.
June 17, 19 people were killed after a bomb blast occurred in three churches in Kaduna.
August 7, Boko Haram gunmen raided a deeper life church in Kogi state and 19 people were killed.
The next day, two Nigerian soldiers and one civilian were killed in a mosque.
On Christmas day 25th of December, 27 Christians were killed in Maiduguri and Potiskum by suspected Boko Haram militants while on the 28th of December another 15 Christians were killed in the village of Musari by unknown gunmen
March 18, between 22 and 65 people were killed in Kano by a car bombing.
9 children were killed in Maiduguri and 13 students and teachers were killed in Damaturu by Boko Haram.
On the 6th of July, not less than 42 were killed by Boko Haram gunmen in a Yobe State School
On the 12th of August, 56 people were killed by Boko Haram in a Maiduguri mosque.
4 major attack took place in September, (1)ambush by Boko Haram gunmen left 40 soldiers dead. September 19, an attack inBenisheik left 161 people dead. September 20, (3) a gun attack by Bokoharaminsurgents in Abuja leaves 7-9people dead. (4) September 29, In one of the most heart rendering brutality, Boko haram massacred more than 50 students of Gujba college in Yobe State.
October 10, an attack at Damboa left about 20 dead (15 suspected militants and 5 civilians).Another raid by the Government armed forces led to at least 128 people are killed (95 militants, 23 soldiers, 8 policemen, and 2 civilians).
January 14, 35 people were killed in a bombing by Boko Haram militants in Maiduguri, Borno State.January 26, 138 people were killed by Boko Haram militants in Northern Nigeria. January 31, 11 Christians were killed in Chakawa by Boko Haram militants.
February 14, 121 Christian villagers were killed by Boko Haram militants in Konduga, Borno State.
February 15, 106 people were killed in the village of Izghe, Borno State by Boko Haram gunmen. February 15, 90 Christians and 9 Nigerian soldiers were killed in Gwosa by Boko Haram.February 24, about 12 people werekilled as Boko Haram raided Izghe for the second time. February 25, Federal Government College attack. 59 male students were killed in Yobe State.
March 14, Boko Haram attacked Giwa military barracks in Maiduguri and freed comrades from a detention facility. The military then executed about 600 unarmed recaptured detainees, according to Amnesty International.
April 14, Over 88 people killed in a twin bombing attack in Abuja.
April 15, Chibok schoolgirls were kidnapped, 276 female students in Borno State were kidnapped by Boko Haram.
On the 1st of May,19 people were killed in Abuja by a car bomb.
May 5, about 300 people were killed in the twin towns of Gamboru and Ngala in Borno State by Boko Haram militants.
May 20, Jos bombings at least 118 villagers were killed by car bombs in the city of Jos.
May 21, 27 villagers were killed by Boko Haram gunmen in northeastern Nigeria.
May 27, 49 security personnel and 9 civilians are killed during a Boko Haram attack on a military base in YobeState (BuniYadi attack).
May 30, the third emir of Gwoza, IdrissaTimta, was assassinated during a Boko Haram ambush.
June 1, at least 40 people were killed by a bomb in Mubi, Adamawa State (Mubi bombing).
June 2, at least 200 people (mostly Christians) were killed in several villages in Borno State by Boko Haram. (Gwoza massacre)
June 20, Borno State attacks, 70 people were killed and 91 women and children were kidnapped by Boko Haram militants in Borno State.
June 23, around 171 people were killed in a series of attacks in the Middle Belt of Nigeria. June 28, 11 people are killed by a bomb in Bauchi state.
July 18, At least 18 people were killed by a Boko Haram attack in Damboa, leaving the town almost destroyed. July 22, 51 people were killed by Boko Haram in Chibok.
September 19, about 30 people were killed by Boko Haram militants at a busy market in Mainok, Borno State.
October 31 – At least 4 people are killed, 32 injured and 13 vehicles destroyed by an explosion at a bus station in Gombe.
November 3, a double suicide bombing in Yobe State kills 15 Shiites on the 3rd and 46 students on the 10th.
November 25, Over 45 people were killed by two suicide bombers in Maiduguri, Borno State. November 27, Around 50 people were killed in Damasak by Boko Haram militants.
November 28, at least 120 Muslim followers of the Emir of Kano, Muhammad Sanusi II, were killed during a suicide bombing and gun attack by Boko Haram. The 4 gunmen are subsequently killed by an angry mob (Kano bombing).
December 1, at least 5 people were killed by two female suicide bombers who detonated explosions at a crowded marketplace in Maiduguri, Borno State.
December 10, At least 4 people were killed and 7 injured by female suicide bombers near a market in Kano.
December 11, 30 people were killed and houses were destroyed by Boko Haram militants in Gajiganna, Borno State.
December 13, between 32 and 35 were killed and between 172 and 185 were kidnapped by Boko Haram in Borno State (Gumsuri kidnappings).
December 22, at least 27 people were killed at a bus station by a bomb explosion in Gombe State.
December 28, 85 civilians, 94 militants, and 2 Cameroonian soldiers were killed following a failed Boko Haram offensive into Cameroon’s Far North Region (Cameroon clashes).
January 3, Boko Haram militants razed the entire town of Baga in north-east Nigeria.
January 10, a female suicide bomber, believed to be around 10 years old, killed herself and 19 others, possibly against her will, at a market in the northeastern city of Maiduguri, Nigeria.
January 11, two female suicide bombers, each believed to be around 10 years old, kill themselves and three others at a market in the northeastern city of Potiskum, Nigeria.
January 24, 15 people were killed as Boko Haram gunmen attempted to burn down the village of Kambari near Maiduguri.
January 25, Boko Haram rebels launched a large offensive attack against the Nigerian forces in Maiduguri, the capital of Borno State, leading to the deaths of at least 8 civilians, up to 53 militants, and an unknown number of soldiers.Although the attack failed, the rebels manage to capture the nearby strategic town of Monguno.
January 28, Boko Haram fighters killed 40 people while on a rampage in Adamawa State.
February 1, Boko Haram attacked Borno State, Maiduguri. A suspected Boko Haram suicide bomber kills himself and eight others at the residence of a politician in Potiskum. Another suicide bomber kills five people outside a mosque in Gombe.
February 2, a female suicide bomber attacked minutes after the President of Nigeria left an election rally in the city of Gombe resulting in at least one death and eighteen people injured.
February 12, a dozen people were killed in a suicide blast at Biu, 100 miles southwest of Maiduguri.
February 15, a suicide bomber killed 16 people and wounded 30 people in the Nigerian city of Damaturu.
February 20, Boko Haram militants killed 34 people in attacks across Borno State, 21 people were killed in Chibok.
February 22, a suicide bomber kills five and wounds dozens outside a market in Potiskum.
February 24, Two suicide bombers kills at least 27 people at bus stations in Potiskum and Kano.
February 26, at least 35 people are killed in two attacks targeting the cities of Biu and Jos.
February 28, two female suicide bombers killed 4 civilians near Damaturu.
March 7, five suicide bomb blasts killed 54 and left 143 wounded in Maiduguri.
April 5, Boko Haram militants dressed as preachers killed at least 24 citizens of Kwafaja Village in Borno State
April 9, Members of Boko Haram entered the village of Dile in Borno State and killed 20 people.
April 17, while soldiers were evacuating the town of Gwoza in Borno State, militants entered the town and executed 12 townspeople.
April 21, as the military-led efforts to evacuate the town of Baga in northern Nigeria, militants planted mines and fired rockets at military vehicles, killing eight soldiers and one civilian.
June 12, Boko Haram militant raided six remote villages and left at least 37 people dead in Northeastern Nigeria.
June 22, about 30 people were killed at a crowded mosque by 2 young female suicide bombers (Maiduguri Mosque Bombing).
July 1, Boko Haram militants attacked multiple mosques, about 48 men, and boys were killed on the 1st at one mosque in Kukawa while 17 were wounded in the attack. 97 people (mostly men) were killed in numerous mosques on the 2nd of July, with a number of women and young girls killed in their homes.
July 5, 5 people died after a suicide bomber attacked a church in the Potiskum area of Nigeria’s Yobe State.
July 6, two bomb attacks on the central Nigerian city of Jos have left at least 44 people dead.
17 November, a blast in the northeastern Nigerian city of Yola killed 32 people and wounded 80 people.
6 January, Boko Haram gunmen raided Izageki village in northern Nigeria, close to Sambisa Forest, Boko Haram’s hideout and killed at least two people. The gunmen pursued fleeing civilians and another militant armed with a suicide belt blew himself near a market, killing another five people
13 January, a suicide bomber blew himself up inside a mosque at Kouyape, close to the Nigerian border. The blast killed twelve people and wounded another one.
27 January, about 65 people were killed in multiple attacks during the weekend in various villages in Dalori and outskirts of Maiduguri.
A 12-year-old blew himself up in the Gombis’ market. The blast killed at least 11 people. The attack occurred on 29 January in Gombi, Nigeria.
30 January, 86 people were killed and hundreds others injured in an attack by Boko Haram militants on Dalori Village some 4 kilometers from Maiduguri, Nigeria.
16 March, 3 female suicide bombers killed 22 people and injured 18 in Umarari Village, on the outskirts of Maiduguri, Borno State.
5 April, Boko Haram killed 3 soldiers and two vigilante members in an attack in Izige, Borno state.
20 April, at least 7 or 8 people were killed at a refugee camp in Nigeria (close to Cameroun) border after two female suicide bombers blew themselves up.
24 April, Boko Haram militants killed a total of 30 people during a raid in Alau village in Borno State.
12 May, a suicide bomber who was stopped from entering a government compound killed at least six people, including two police officers, in the northeastern Nigerian city of Maiduguri.
12 June, 4 women were killed by 14 militants after being dragged outside of their homes in Mairari, Nigeria.
15 June, at least 4 females were killed and several abducted after many Boko Haram militants attacked a village. A vigilante was injured in Kau-Tuva, Nigeria.
17 June, at least 24 people were killed and at least 10 injured after Boko Haram militants attacked a funeral in Kuda, Nigeria.
20 June, at least 2 people were killed after several Boko Haram militants attacked Wumbi in Nigeria.
8 July, At least 9 people were killed and “dozens” injured after a suicide bombing attack on a Mosque in Borno. There was also a second suicide bombing at another Mosque.
9 July, Boko Haram militants raided a town with guns and explosives, killing 7 people and damaging buildings.
12 July, A Boko Haram attack in Borno State was repelled by the Nigerian Army resulting in the death of 25 militants. Two soldiers were killed during the attack.
1 August, 3 churches and 9 Christian was burnt by militants and 9 Christian villagers were killed.
10 August, Boko Haram militants burned 60 houses, shot four villagers dead, and abducted one child.
21 August, Boko Haram killed 7 people with machine guns, before abducting dozens more, in the village of Kuruburu. Boko Haram also attacked a village called Kuburvwa(between Chibok and Damboa, Borno State) and left at least 11 people dead. Women were raped.At least 3 people killed and another 24 were injured when a suicide bombing attack a market in the city of Mora.
19 September, members of Boko Harem claimed that they killed 40 Nigerian soldiers battling in MalamFatori
22 September, three civilians were killed in Cameroon’s Far North in Djakana when a vigilante tried to stop a suicide bomber whose explosive device detonated.
26 September the Nigerian Army lost 1 officer and 3 soldiers to a landmine and ambush by the Boko Haram.
11 October, 5 people were killed in an attack by members of Boko Haram in a village in Borno State.
12 October, 18 people were killed in an explosion which occurred in Maiduguri, Borno State.
29 October, 2 suicide bombers killed 8 people on Saturday in Maiduguri.
1 November, Boko Haram militant killed 9 civilians when a car bomb exploded near a military checkpoint in Northern Nigeria in Gubio.
5 November, An army officer, and six soldiers were killed by Boko Haram militants in a gunbattle in Borno State, Nigeria.
8 November, Boko Haram gunmen killed more than 30 gold miners in a remote area of northern Nigeria in Maru. Another 4 were killed and 6 others injured after 2 suicide bombers exploded improvised explosive in Maiduguri.
23 November – At least two persons were killed in a suicide bomb attack in Maiduguri.
9 December, Boko Haram bomb explosions killed 57 and injured 177 in Madagali. (Madagali suicide bombings)
11 December, Boko Haram militant killed 3 people in two suicide bombing attacks in Maiduguri.
7 January, Boko Haram attacked a Nigerian army base in BuniYadi of Yobe state, killing at least 5 soldiers.
10 January, two female suicide bombers killed 3 people, when they went to the residences in the Kalari area, after disguising as visitors
January 13, 3 soldiers were killed after Boko Haram attacked the soldiers deployed to Kukawa Local Government Area, Borno state.
14 January, two soldiers were killed in a roadside bombing in Borno State.
16 January, two teenage suicide bombers detonated their bombs at the University of Maiduguri, killing 3 people, including a professor.
23 January, Boko Haram invaded a village, killed eight people and abducted an unspecified number of women and children in Borno State.
25 January, a suicide bomb attack Borno state killed three and wounded two others. Boko Haram killed four people in multiple suicide bombing attacks in Maiduguri, Nigeria.
January 28 – Boko Haram militants killed 7 people.
29 January, Boko Haram attacked a convoy of motorists along a recently secured high
way, in Borno state, Nigeria killing at least 7 people and injuring many others.
30 January, 15 people were killed by Boko Haram militants in Maiduguri, Nigeria.
31 January – A suicide bomber attacked the Dalori quarter’s mosque, in Maiduguri, Nigeria during the morning prayers, killing one of their members.
11 February, 7 soldiers were killed and 19 injured in Boko Haram ambush in Borno State.
13 February, Boko Haram invaded Mifa community in Chibok Local Government Area of Borno State, killing an Islamic scholar and breaking the hands of a boy.
17 February, 2 civilians were killed by a suicide bomber.
13 March, 3 Nigerian men were executed by Boko Haram militants.
30 March, Boko Haram Islamists have abducted 22 girls and women in two separate raids in north-east Nigeria.
5 May, 5 people were found dead in northeast Nigeria in Maiduguri after an attack by two female suicide bombers.
13 May, 1 person was killed and another injured by suicide bombers at the University of Maiduguri in northeastern Nigeria.
15 May, Nine members of Boko Haram arrived on motorcycles in Amarwa, a suburb of Maiduguri, and killed 11 farmers in their fields with machetes before escaping.
16 May, three female suicide bombers have attacked a herding community in northeast Nigeria, killing two people and injuring seven others.
20 May, 7 people were killed and more than 40 injured from gunshots in separate attacks by Boko haram militant group rampaging within recently liberated Borno communities.
2 June, 11 people were killed after two suicide bombers attacked a camp for those displaced by Boko Haram.
8 June, At least 14 people were killed and 24 were injured as Boko Haram suicide bombers staged multiple attacks targeting mosques.The attack occurred while soldiers were trying to repel another group of Boko Haram fighters, who were trying to invade the city. A soldier was killed when a female suicide bomber detonated her explosive vest in a military base.
14 June, Boko Haram raided the villages of Komdi and Tuyan, near Chibok, kidnapping 6 people and killing 10 others.
16 June, 2 civilians were killed in an attack by a Boko Haram suicide bomber in the Far North Region.
18 June, At least 12 people were killed and 11 others were wounded in attacks by five female suicide bombers in the Nigerian state of Borno, in the northeast of the country.
20 June, Boko Haram militants killed two people and wounded six others in an ambush on a police convoy in northeast Nigeria’s Borno state.
26 June, suicide bombers killed 9 people and wounded 13 others in multiple blasts in northeast Nigeria city of Maiduguri.
On the 11th of July, Boko Haram publicly executed eight villagers in northeast Nigeria who opposed the enforcement of its hardline form of Islam. 4Boko Haram suicide bombers killed 19 people and injured 23 in the northeast Nigerian city of Maiduguri.
July 15, a 12-year-old kid was murdered at the MunaDelti territory of Jere LGA, Borno by speculated Boko Haram militants.
July 17, 8 individuals were killed when a female suicide bomber detonated explosives at a mosque in Maiduguri.
July 23, 7 individuals were killed after suicide bombers attacked two IDPs camps in Maiduguri.
July 25, no less than 69 individuals including soldiers and civilians died after an attack by Boko Haram militant in the Magumeri region of Borno.
July 28, 8 individuals were murdered and 14 others injured in a suicide bomb attack on an Internally Displaced camp in Dikwa LGA, Borno.
August 1, Boko Haram militants murdered 7 individuals and harmed 10 others after an attack on Mildu town in Madagali LGA of Adamawa state.
Aug 4, a suicide bomb attack at the Molai General Hospital, Maiduguri prompted the death of 3 individuals including a doctor’s facility right hand.
August 9, 1 person was killed in the Madagali LGA of Adamawa after an attack by Boko Haram Islamists
August 11, 2 farmers were slaughtered by Boko Haram.
August 12, 4 individuals were murdered in an assault at Wanori-Amarwa people group of Konduga LGA of Borno.
August 15, A suicide bomb assault on a market in Konduga brought about the passing of 16 individuals, with more than 80 others supporting wounds.
Aug 20, 2 individuals were murdered after a snare by speculated Boko Haram militants along Damaturu-Biustreet in Yobe.
September 8, Boko Haram contenders kill 9 farmers and the nine bodies were dumped in Gongulong, around 13 kilometers (8 miles) east of the state capital.
September 3, 11 people were killed by Boko Haram militants in an attack on a camp for regular citizens. 130km southeast of the city of Maiduguri in Borno state
September 5, 4 people were slaughtered in Maiduguri.
September 6, 8 people were murdered in Maiduguri by Boko Haram.
September10, 7 individuals were killed when Boko Haram jihadists assaulted an Internally Displaced Persons Camp. The assault, close to the fringe of Cameroon, came as two individuals were slaughtered in a blast outside another camp in the Borno state capital, Maiduguri.
September 18, 15 people were killed in Mashalari town of the Konduga territory, around 40km from Borno state capital Maiduguri.
September 26, 5 people were slaughtered at Didwa.
October 4, 6 people were beheaded by Boko Haram insurgents in Borno.
October 8, 8 soldiers were murdered after Boko Haram attacked Sasawa, a group near Damaturu, the Yobe State capital.
October 12 – 5 individuals were murdered in a suicide bomb assault when Boko Haram struck a remote town in upper east Nigeria, the assault occurred at Belbelu town, close Kayamla, in the Konduga territory of Borno state.
October 22, 13 people were executed at Maiduguri by Boko Haram.
October 30, 4 people were executed and 6 others injured after Boko Haram extremists assaulted travelers in Maiduguri Street.
November 8, 2 people were killed in Gulak in Madagali LGA.
12 November, Boko Haram murdered 3 soldiers and Injured 6 in clearance operation in Borno state.
15 November, Boko Haram attacks two Adamawa communities and killed 2 civilians and a soldier.
21 November, Boko Haram detonated a bomb in a mosque and killed 50.
December 2, 15 people were killed, including two suicide bombers that attacked Biu Market in Biu local government area of Borno state, northeast, Nigeria.
December 16, 4 people were killed as Boko Haram ambushes UN workers in Borno State.
December 20, The Nigerian Customs Service (NCS) lost 26 of its personnel to Boko Haram insurgency.
December 25, at least 3 people were burnt alive while a woman was abducted as Boko Haram militants attempted to overrun Maiduguri, the Borno State capital.
January 19, 5 people were killed in a midnight attack in Kaya Village a suburb of Gulak town by suspected Boko Haram members.